You are probably wondering about the definition of hypothesis, especially if you are conducting a scientific research. It is true that we commonly hear about hypothesis in the scientific studies or experiments but what is it? How is the role in determining the subject of the study? How it can help you with the experiment?
Definition of Hypothesis and Its Role in Scientific Studies
You can say that the hypothesis is the early start for an experiment or study to take place. Without a question about a certain subject or topic, there won’t be any curiosity. In the end, there won’t be any scientific research.
In general, the definition of hypothesis is about a theory or supposition about two different variables that are somehow connected to one another. At the early stage, it would be a prediction within a specific field or subject that still requires testing to prove a point. For instance, you have a theory about the correlation of poor performance during test with lack of sleep or rest. So, you make a study with hypothesis about the relation of sleep deprivation with poor performance during test.
As you can see, it begins with a question – a sort of a guess, but with a scientific element within it. And there should be a correlation (a connection) between the two. When we are dealing with hypothesis meaning and example, there are several steps within a structured form that you need to address. It should start with a question, followed by a background research. Then, you create the hypothesis and you should design an experiment. Then the process of collecting data will take place, followed by making the conclusion. And communicate the result will be the final step within the procedure.
If you understand hypothesis meaning and example, you should see that it is a theory testing a question so it doesn’t have to be right. In the event that the following experiments or research reveal that your hypothesis is completely wrong or it doesn’t fit to your expectation, you shouldn’t be worried about it. A hypothesis isn’t about being right or wrong. It is about proving a point or a prediction or a theory.
So, how does a researcher draw a hypothesis? There are actually many ways to do so. It is possible to have a hypothesis from previous research. It is also possible to build a specific theory. Let’s say that a previous scientific study has shown the correlation of stress to human’s immune system. So it is possible that the next researcher comes up with a more specific theory, such as ‘People with high stress level are more prone to cold compared to people with low stress level.’ It is possible to have a previous theory or result experiment as a base for a new specific and narrow hypothesis.
Naturally, when we are talking about hypothesis meaning and example, there are some elements that are considered as the good ones. When it comes to good hypothesis, you should ask yourself these questions. First of all, is the hypothesis develops from a certain topic or research? Second, can it be tested? Third, does it include different variables, including independent and dependent ones?
After asking yourself these questions, you should also start by forming some of these actions. You should collect observations and facts about the topic. Second, you should evaluate the facts and the observations. You should look for problems and what cause them. Afterward, make a list of all the possible explanations; things that you want to dig further and explore. You should be able to develop some hypotheses. As you can see the definition of hypothesis is much more complex than what meets the eye.
Read too: Understanding the Definition of Observation.
Don’t forget that research and experiments are parts of the process, and you should have them following the hypothesis formation. Since this topic isn’t simple or easy, you will have to do further research and study. It would be better to get further knowledge and facts beyond the understanding of the definition of hypothesis only.